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What is the full form of RO, UV & UF?

The full form of RO, UV and UF is Reverse Osmosis (RO), Ultraviolet (UV) and Ultrafiltration (UF) respectivly. These are water purification processes.

RO: Reverse Osmosis

The full form of RO is “Reverse Osmosis“. It is a process that helps the RO water purifier to remove unwanted ions, dissolved solids and TDS from the water. In osmosis, the solvent passes through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution to a more concentrated solution. In reverse osmosis (RO), the solvent passes through the semipermeable membrane in the opposite direction (from a more concentrated solution to a less concentrated solution). Reverse osmosis can remove many types of dissolved and suspended chemical species, as well as biological species (mainly bacteria) from water, and is used in industrial processes and in the production of drinking water. Around the world, household drinking water purification systems, including a reverse osmosis step, are commonly used to improve drinking water.

UV: Ultraviolet

The full form of UV is Ultraviolet. In RO water purifiers, the reverse osmosis process can eliminate solids and dissolved ions, but cannot kill bacteria or germs in the water. UV rays can kill these bacteria and germs. Therefore, in most RO water purifiers, the water is forced through a tube and exposed to UV radiation that kills harmful bacteria and germs. On the positive side, UV technology does not contain chemicals and is easy to maintain. Ultraviolet means, in addition to violet, UV radiation was discovered in 1801. It is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength of 10 nm (with a corresponding frequency of approximately 30 PHz) at 400 nm (750 THz), less than that of the visible light. but larger than x-rays. UV radiation is present in sunlight and constitutes about 10% of the total production of electromagnetic radiation from the sun. It is also produced by electric arcs and specialized lights, such as mercury vapor lamps, tanning lamps and black lights.

UF: Ultrafiltration

The full form of UF is Ultrafiltration. It is a type of membrane filtration that is used in UF water purifiers. UF technology works without electricity and eradicates suspended solids, particles and larger water molecules through a hollow membrane. In this technique, water is passed through a semipermeable membrane with a hollow fiber thread. Large particles and suspended solutes are retained and water passes through the membrane. UF occurs before RO filtration, before water enters the water purifier. UF reduces the load on the RO membrane and extends the life of the membrane. By using UF, You cannot convert hard water to soft water, which is something that an RO purifier can do, providing clean RO water.

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